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When is a packaging compostable?

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The assertion of the biodegradability and compostability of a packaging can be communicated when the packaging complies with the technical standard UNI EN ISO 13432. The biodegradability and compostability certification is issued, sometimes also together with the compostability marks, by various recognized certification bodies. The new decree also specifies that

If a packaging is made of biodegradable and compostable plastic, what is the correct coding? Does it have to be collected in the plastic collection or in the organic?

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Polymers other than those specified in Decision 129/97 / EC, including biodegradable and compostable ones, are all identified with the code “7”. Optionally, you can choose to accompany this coding with the words “Compostable plastic”. For example, a polylactic acid packaging can be identified with the code: Compostable plastic 7.

When can the biodegradability and compostability of packaging be claimed?

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In order to be able to transfer packaging waste (and other products) biodegradable and compostable to the collection of organic waste, the Legislative Decree 116/20201 amended art. 182-ter of the Legislative Decree. 152/2006 (Organic waste): in particular, paragraph 6 of the aforementioned article establishes that waste, including packaging waste, with